for those of you who speak french, i just came across the most incredible site, which allows you to see the evolution of les misérables throughout the composition process.
first, it provides full & downloadable pdf versions of the brick in three stages of completion:
- the first draft, before any corrections or additions (“Rédaction(s) initiale(s)”)
- the 1848 draft, known as les misères, which hugo then put aside for more than a decade (”Les Misères”)
- the final, “established” text of the novel (Les Misérables)
as if that weren’t cool enough, there’s also a function that allows you to see what hugo changed from version to version, as well as compare chapters across all three editions. for example, here’s "un groupe qui a failli devenir historique" ("a group that barely missed becoming historic"), featuring “thomas,” aka, marius’s original name in hugo’s first draft:
i’m sure the old school brick fans already know about this site, but i thought it wouldn’t hurt to share. i hope you guys find it as awesome as i do!
WOW what a great resource! Thank you so much for sharing!
Jane Austen’s handwritten manuscript of Persuasion
intoxication; inebriation; drunkenness; any mild-altering affect by a drug.
Etymology: from Latin temulentus < temetum, “an intoxicating drink”.
And sometimes I have kept my feelings to myself, because I could find no language to describe them in.